Florida Key White-tailed Deer is a unique subspecies of white-tailed deer found exclusively in the Florida Keys, a chain of islands in the state of Florida, USA.

They are known as "Florida Key White-tailed Deer" because they primarily inhabit small islands within the Florida Keys, including several islands in the western Keys. Here's a detailed introduction to this fascinating subspecies:


The Florida Key White-tailed Deer is a small-sized white-tailed deer, much smaller than the typical white-tailed deer. Adult males typically stand 30 to 32 inches tall at the shoulder, while females are slightly smaller.

They are covered in gray-brown fur, with a white spot on their tail, hence the name "white-tailed deer". Compared to other subspecies of white-tailed deer, the Florida Key White-tailed Deer has a more delicate build but possesses graceful lines and agile movements.


Florida Key White-tailed Deer primarily inhabit the small islands of the Florida Keys, which are typically characterized by low-lying wetlands, pine forests, and coconut palm trees. They have adapted to the unique island ecosystems, finding abundant food and safe habitats on these islands.


Florida Key White-tailed Deer are typically active during the early morning and late evening, avoiding the high temperatures of the day.

They are skilled swimmers and often traverse water bodies to find food or escape predators. These deer primarily feed on vegetation, including various herbaceous plants, leaves, and shoots found on the islands.


The breeding season for Florida Key White-tailed Deer typically occurs in the fall, during which females give birth to a single fawn. The newborn fawns sometimes hide in grass or shrubs to avoid predators. They grow under the care of their mothers until they can live independently.

Threats to Survival

Despite being a species under strict protection by federal and state governments, Florida Key White-tailed Deer face numerous threats to their survival.

These threats include habitat destruction due to human activities, traffic accidents, illegal hunting, and natural disasters. Additionally, in recent years, some areas of the Florida Keys have been threatened by rising sea levels, which may affect the deer's habitats.

Conservation Measures

To protect Florida Key White-tailed Deer, various measures have been implemented by governments and environmental organizations.

These include establishing protected areas, restricting development activities, enhancing legal protection, and conducting public education. Additionally, efforts to restore and protect habitats are crucial for the conservation of this species.


Florida Key White-tailed Deer, as a unique subspecies found only in the Florida Keys, plays a significant role in maintaining local biodiversity and ecological balance.

Protecting this species not only helps preserve local ecosystems but also reflects human respect and appreciation for the natural world. It is hoped that through continued conservation efforts, Florida Key White-tailed Deer will continue to thrive and reproduce in the future.